Breed Report for Hugo

How does our test work?
Our Dog Breed + Health test examines your dog's DNA by comparing it with a comprehensive database of dog breeds. Additiontally, we identify specific genetic markers that may suggest a predisposition to various health conditions and traits. Leveraging these insights allows you to tailor your pet's health care plan, aiming to reduce the likelihood of their genetically predisposed conditions.



What breeds make up your dog?

Hugo is a very fetching mix of 5 breeds
Shih Tzu - 46%
 
Pomeranian - 20%
 
Lhasa Apso - 11%
 
German Spitz Mittel - 9%
 
Pekingese - 9%
 



What genetic markers does your dog have?

Detected SNPs

We detected 1 SNP in Hugo

Genetic Marker
15_41511739 Height, IGF1-AS-associated body-size variation

The test measures predispositions to certain conditions and traits, but the predispositions do not guarantee that they will manifest.To see the full list of health markers and traits measured, please see the Appendix below.




How inbred is your dog?

The coefficient of inbreeding (COI) score for a dog is a numerical value that quantifies the degree of genetic overlap between an individual's parents, reflecting how closely related they are. It is expressed as a relative measure with respect to population, where a higher score indicates a greater level of inbreeding. Inbreeding can increase the risk of hereditary diseases and health issues.

Coefficient of inbreeding (COI)

Your score Average Low High


More Information on Levels of Inbreeding:

Imagine you have two decks of cards, each representing the genes of one of your dog's parents. The Coefficient of Inbreeding (COI) tells you how many cards are identical in both decks. A low COI means the decks have mostly different cards (diverse genes), while a high COI indicates many matching cards (similar genes). This similarity can increase the risk of inheriting harmful traits, like shuffling the same deck repeatedly and drawing the same cards. Responsible breeders use COI to manage genetic diversity, aiming for healthy offspring. For dogs with higher COI, extra care may be needed to ensure their well-being. Understanding COI helps both breeders and owners make informed decisions for their furry companions.



What else can you learn about your dog?

We also offer Dog Oral Health and Dog Age + Personality tests. The Dog Oral Health test will allow you to work with your veterinarian to maintain your pup's oral hygiene.


Appendix: The full list of SNPs in our database

C: Clear
D: Detected
C

2,8-Dihydroxyadenine Urolithiasis (2,8-DHA Urolithiasis)

G:chromosome5
C

Achromatopsia, cone degeneration

C:chromosome10
C

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

C:chromosome14
C

Alexander Disease

G:chromosome9
C

Amelogenesis imperfecta, ENAM-related

C:chromosome13
C

Ancient Red (eA)

G:chromosome5
C

Ataxia, spinocerebellar, SCN8A-related

G,C:chromosome27
C

Benign Familial Juvenile Epilepsy, Remitting Focal Epilepsy, LGI2-related

A:chromosome3
C

Beta Mannosidosis

A:chromosome32
C

Brachycephaly

G,C:chromosome32
C

Brown color (basd)

T:chromosome11
C

Brown color (be)

T:chromosome11
C

Brown color (bh)

G:chromosome11
C

Brown color (bs)

C:chromosome11
C

Canine Elliptocytosis

C:chromosome8
C

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type I (CLAD I)

C:chromosome31
C

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy (CMR1)

C:chromosome18
C

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy (CMR2)

G:chromosome18
C

Canine Scott Syndrome

G:chromosome27
C

Cardiomyopathy and Juvenile Mortality

G:chromosome27
C

Centronuclear Myopathy 1

G:chromosome20
C

Cerebellar Abiotrophy

C:chromosome9
C

Cerebellar Ataxia, Progressive Early-Onset Cerebellar Ataxia

T:chromosome8
C

Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration

C:chromosome12
C

Cerebellar Degeneration-Myositis Complex (CDMC)

G:chromosome36
C

Cerebellar Dysfunction

G:chromosome34
C

Chondrodysplasia, disproportionate short-limbed

G,C:chromosome17
C

Ciliary dyskinesia

G:chromosome37
C

Cleft Palate, brachygnathism

C:chromosome14
C

Coat colour, agouti (recessive black)

C:chromosome24
C

Coat colour, brown, TYRP1-related

T:chromosome11
C

Coat colour, dilution, MLPH-related

G:chromosome25
C

Coat colour, dilution, MLPH-related

G:chromosome25
C

Coat colour, grizzle

C:chromosome5
C

Coat colour, melanistic mask (EM)

C:chromosome5
C

Coat colour, phaeomelanin dilution, MFSD12-related, Red Pigment Intensity (I/i)

C:chromosome20
C

Coat Length (lh5)

T:chromosome32
C

Cocoa color

G:chromosome23
C

Congenital Dyshormonogenic hypothyroidism with Goiter

G:chromosome20
C

Congenital Eye Malformations

C:chromosome8
C

Congenital Hypothyroidism

C:chromosome17
C

Congenital Hypothyroidism

T:chromosome17
C

Congenital Hypothyroidism

C:chromosome17
C

Congenital insensitivity to pain

G:chromosome36
C

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia

G:chromosome24
C

Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

G:chromosome1
C

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome

G:chromosome28
C

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome

G:chromosome23
C

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome

T:chromosome23
C

Congenital Stationary Night Blindness

A:chromosome6
C

Copper Toxicosis, Wilson disease

G:chromosome22
C

Craniomandibular Osteopathy

C:chromosome5
C

Craniomandibular Osteopathy

C:chromosome5
C

Craniomandibular Osteopathy

C:chromosome9
C

Curly Coat (c1)

C:chromosome27
C

Cystic renal dysplasia and hepatic fibrosis

G:chromosome9
C

Cystinuria Type I-A

C:chromosome10
C

Cystinuria Type II-B

G:chromosome1
C

Darier Disease

A:chromosome26
C

Day Blindness, Cone Degeneration, Achromatopsia

G:chromosome29
C

Deafness

C:chromosome4
C

Deafness and vestibular dysfunction (DINGS2)

G:chromosome21
C

Degenerative Myelopathy

G:chromosome31
C

Demyelinating Neuropathy

G:chromosome21
C

Dental Hypomineralization

C:chromosome16
C

Dew Claws

C:chromosome16
C

Dew Claws

C:chromosome16
C

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

C:chromosome1
C

Disproportionate Dwarfism

C:chromosome32
C

Dyserythropoietic Anemia and Myopathy Syndrome (DAMS)

G:chromosome18
C

Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa

C:chromosome20
C

Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa

C:chromosome20
C

Early-onset progressive polyneuropathy

G:chromosome13
C

Ectodermal Dysplasia, Skin Fragility Syndrome

C:chromosome7
C

Ectodermal Dysplasia, X-linked, Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia (XHED)

G:chromosomeX
C

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

G:chromosome9
C

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

C:chromosome11
C

Epidermal bullosa simplex

C:chromosome27
C

Epidermolysis bullosa, simplex, PLEC-related

C:chromosome13
C

Exercise induced metabolic myopathy

C:chromosome5
C

Exercise-induced collapse

C,G:chromosome9
C

Exfoliative cutaneous lupus erythematosus

C:chromosome18
C

Factor IX Deficiency, Hemophilia B

G:chromosomeX
C

Factor VII Deficiency

G:chromosome22
C

Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A

G:chromosomeX
C

Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A

G:chromosomeX
C

Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A

C:chromosomeX
C

Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A

C:chromosomeX
C

Familial Nephropathy

C:chromosome25
C

Fecundity, GDF9-related

G:chromosome11
C

Fetal-Onset Neonatal Neuroaxonal Dystrophy

G:chromosome2
C

Focal Non-Epidermolytic Palmoplantar Keratoderma, Pachyonychia Congenita

G:chromosome9
C

Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia Type I

C:chromosome9
C

Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia Type I

G:chromosome9
C

Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia Type I

C:chromosome9
C

Glaucoma, primary open angle, ADAMTS10-related

C:chromosome20
C

Glaucoma, primary open angle, ADAMTS17-related

G:chromosome3
C

Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy, Krabbe disease

A:chromosome8
C

Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy, Krabbe disease

A:chromosome8
C

Glycogen Storage Disease Type IA, Von Gierke Disease (GSD IA)

G:chromosome9
C

Glycogen Storage Disease Type II, Pompe's Disease (GSD II)

C:chromosome9
C

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency

G:chromosome27
C

GM1 Gangliosidosis

G:chromosome23
C

GM2 Gangliosidosis

G:chromosome30
C

Grizzle (EG)

C:chromosome5
C

Harlequin (H/h)

T:chromosome9
D

Height, IGF1-AS-associated body-size variation

T:chromosome15
C

Hereditary Ataxia

T:chromosome3
C

Hereditary Ataxia, Cerebellar Degeneration

A:chromosome4
C

Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis, HNPK

A:chromosome2
C

Hereditary Nephropathy, Familial Nephropathy, autosomal recessive (ARHN)

A:chromosome25
C

Hereditary Nephropathy, X-linked (XLHN)

G:chromosomeX
C

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy, Acral Mutilation Syndrome (AMS)

C:chromosome4
C

Hyperkeratosis, palmoplantar, FAM83G-related, Hereditary Footpad Hyperkeratosis

G:chromosome5
C

Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia, Urolithiasis (HUU)

G:chromosome3
C

Hypocatalasia, Acatalasemia

C,G:chromosome18
C

Hypomyelinating Polyneuropathy

C:chromosome4
C

Hypomyelinating Polyneuropathy

T:chromosome38
C

Hypophosphatasia

A:chromosome2
C

Hyposegmentation of granulocytes

C:chromosome27
C

Ichthyosis

G:chromosome9
C

Ichthyosis

A:chromosome10
C

Ichthyosis, Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis

G:chromosome9
C

Ichthyosis, Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis

G:chromosome9
C

Ichthyosis, non-epidermolytic

G:chromosome10
C

Inflammatory Myopathy

A:chromosome36
C

Inherited Myopathy

A:chromosome19
C

Intestinal Cobalamin Malabsorpotion, Imerslund-Grasbeck Syndrome

G:chromosome2
C

Invasive transitional cell carcinoma risk

T:chromosome16
C

Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa

A:chromosome7
C

Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa

T:chromosome7
C

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria (L2HGA)

T:chromosome8
C

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria (L2HGA)

T:chromosome8
C

Lagotto Storage Disease

G:chromosome20
C

Laryngeal paralysis and polyneuropathy, CNTNAP1 related

C:chromosome9
C

Lethal Acrodermatitis

T,A:chromosome14
C

Leukodystrophy

C:chromosome9
C

Leukoencephalomyelopathy

G:chromosome18
C

Ligneous Membranitis

T:chromosome1
C

Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy

A:chromosome4
C

Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy Type L3

G:chromosome9
C

Long hair, coat length

G,C:chromosome32
C

Long hair, coat length

C,G:chromosome32
C

Long QT Syndrome

C:chromosome18
C

Lundehund Syndrome

C:chromosome34
C

Lung development disease

C:chromosome34
C

Malignant Hyperthermia

A:chromosome1
C

May-Hegglin Anomaly

G:chromosome10
C

Menkes disease (protective variant), Copper Toxicosis

C:chromosomeX
C

Metabolizer of a cognitive enhancer

C:chromosome30
C

Methaemoglobinaemia, CYB5R3-related

A:chromosome10
C

Methemoglobinaemia

G:chromosome10
C

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type I

C:chromosome3
C

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA, Sanfilippo Syndrome Type A (MPS IIIA)

C:chromosome9
C

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VI

C:chromosome3
C

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VI

G:chromosome3
C

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome (MPS VII)

G:chromosome6
C

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome (MPS VII)

C:chromosome6
C

Muscular Dystrophy

G:chromosomeX
C

Muscular Dystrophy

G:chromosome31
C

Muscular Dystrophy

A:chromosomeX
C

Muscular Dystrophy

C:chromosome25
C

Muscular Dystrophy

G:chromosome25
C

Muscular Dystrophy

G:chromosomeX
C

Muscular Dystrophy

G:chromosomeX
C

Muscular Dystrophy-Dystroglycanopathy

C:chromosome10
C

Muscular Hypertrophy

T:chromosome37
C

Musladin-Lueke Syndrome (MLS)

C:chromosome9
C

Myeloperoxidase Deficiency

C:chromosome9
C

Myotonia Congenita

T:chromosome16
C

Myotonia Congenita

C:chromosome16
C

Myotubular Myopathy 1, X-linked Myotubular Myopathy (XL-MTM)

A:chromosomeX
C

Myotubular Myopathy 1, X-linked Myotubular Myopathy (XL-MTM)

C:chromosomeX
C

Myotubular Myopathy 1, X-linked Myotubular Myopathy (XL-MTM)

C:chromosomeX
C

Narcolepsy

G:chromosome12
C

Narcolepsy

G:chromosome12
C

Necrotising myelopathy

G:chromosome14
C

Nemaline Myopathy

C:chromosome19
C

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures (NEWS)

T:chromosome36
C

Neuroaxonal Dystrophy

G:chromosome10
C

Neuroaxonal Dystrophy

C:chromosome8
C

Neuroaxonal Dystrophy

A:chromosome5
C

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1 (NCL1)

G:chromosome15
C

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 10 (NCL10)

C:chromosome18
C

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 12 (NCL12)

C:chromosome2
C

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 5 (NCL5)

C:chromosome22
C

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 6 (NCL6)

A:chromosome30
C

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 8 (NCL8)

G:chromosome37
C

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 8 (NCL8)

T:chromosome37
C

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia (NCL4A)

G:chromosome9
C

Oculocutaneous Albinism type 2

A:chromosome3
C

Oculocutaneous Albinism type I, Himalayan points (OCA1)

C:chromosome21
C

Oculoskeletal dysplasia I

C:chromosome24
C

OMIA.trait

REF:chromosomeCHR
C

Osteochondromatosis

C:chromosome18
C

Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Brittle Bone Disease

C:chromosome14
C

Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Brittle Bone Disease

T:chromosome21
C

Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Brittle Bone Disease

G:chromosome14
C

Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Brittle Bone Disease

C:chromosome9
C

Paroxysmal Dyskinesia

C:chromosome1
C

Periodic Fever Syndrome

G:chromosome13
C

Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome (PMDS)

C:chromosome27
C

Pituitary Dwarfism

C:chromosome31
C

Polycystic Kidney Disease

G:chromosome6
C

Polycystic Kidney Disease

G:chromosome6
C

Prekallikrein Deficiency

A,T:chromosome16
C

Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

C:chromosome34
C

Primary Hyperoxaluria

G:chromosome25
C

Primary Lens Luxation

G:chromosome3
C

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

C:chromosome20
C

Progressive Retinal Atrophy

C:chromosome20
C

Progressive Retinal Atrophy

T:chromosome25
C

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (CRD1)

G:chromosome3
C

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRCD), rod-cone degeneration

C:chromosome9
C

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, autosomal dominant

C:chromosome20
C

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Bardet-Biedl syndrome 2

G:chromosome2
C

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4

A:chromosome30
C

Progressive retinal atrophy, NECAP1-related

C,G:chromosome27
C

Protein Losing Nephropathy

G:chromosome1
C

Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency

C:chromosome29
C

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

G:chromosome7
C

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

T:chromosome7
C

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

C:chromosome7
C

Recessive Red (e1)

G:chromosome5
C

Recessive Red (e2)

C:chromosome5
C

Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis (RCND)

A:chromosome5
C

Sensorineural Deafness, Deafness, LOXHD1-related

G:chromosome7
C

Sensory Neuropathy

C:chromosome4
C

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

G:chromosome29
C

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

G:chromosome18
C

Shaking Puppy Syndrome, X-linked Generalized Tremor Syndrome

A:chromosomeX
C

Shedding (T)

G:chromosome1
C

Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2

G:chromosome12
C

Skeletal Dysplasia 3

A:chromosome33
C

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures, KCNJ10-related

C:chromosome38
C

Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Late-Onset Ataxia, LoSCA

G:chromosome18
C

Spongy Degeneration with Cerebellar Ataxia, SCDA1

T:chromosome38
C

Startle Disease, Hyperekplexia

G:chromosome21
C

Subacute Necrotizing Encephalomyelopathy

G:chromosome25
C

Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase deficiency

G:chromosome35
C

Tail, short

G:chromosome1
C

Thrombocytopenia, TUBB1-related, Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia

G:chromosome24
C

Thrombopathia

C:chromosome18
C

Upper Airway Syndrome

G:chromosome13
C

Ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death

G:chromosome20
C

Verrucous Epidermal Keratinocytic Nevi

G:chromosomeX
C

Vitamin D Deficiency rickets, type 1A

G:chromosome10
C

Von Willebrand Disease Type I

C,G:chromosome27
C

Von Willebrand Disease Type II

T,A:chromosome27
C

Von Willebrand Disease Type II

T:chromosome27
C

Von Willebrand Disease Type III

G:chromosome27
C

Xanthinuria type II

C:chromosome7
C

Xanthinuria type II

A:chromosome7
C: Clear
D: Detected

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